Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Hazrati, Sadegh and Rostami, Roohollah and Fazlzadeh, Mehdi and Pourfarzi, Farhad (2016) Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene concentrations in atmospheric ambient air of gasoline and CNG refueling stations. Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health. pp. 403-409.

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    Abstract

    This study aimed to assess workers’ exposure to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) compounds in refueling stations of Ardabil city (Iran). Twenty-four refueling stations including 15 petrol and 9 compressed natural gas (CNG) stations from different regions were selected and monitored for ambient BTEX concentrations. Air samples were taken based on NIOSH Manual of Analytical Method no 1501. Target compounds were extracted using CS2 and analyzed by GC equipped with FID. Average concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene were obtained 2.01, 1.80, 2.72, and 1.65 mg/m3, respectively. Benzene concentrations exceeded the occupational exposure limit set by the Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education. Its concentrations were significantly higher in commercial areas (2.72 mg/m3) compared to suburban areas (1.89 mg/m3). BTEX concentrations in gasoline stations were slightly, but not significantly, higher than those in CNG stations. Long-term exposure cancer risk of 1884 × 10−6 ± 390 × 10−6 and hazard index of 22.83 ± 3.66 were estimated for benzene and BTEX compounds, respectively. The results declare the necessity for controlling BTEX emission (mainly benzene) and monitoring employee’s exposure in refueling stations. Keywords Volatile organic compounds Air pollution Refueling station

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 10:07
    Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 10:07
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/988

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