Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Mazaheri, Mojgan and Haji Rezaei, Mostafa and Aalinezhad, Marzieh and Sharif, Mohammad Reza and Akhavan, Tabassom (2016) Clinical and laboratory characteristics of pediatric Campylobacter spp. Acute Gastroenteritis. Archives of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. pp. 1-6.

[img] PDF
Download (131Kb)

    Abstract

    Background: Although Campylobacter strains are one cause of acute bacterial gastroenteritis, their clinical and laboratory findings have only been examined in a few studies. Objectives: This study was performed to evaluate the frequency level as well as the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with acute gastroenteritis caused by Campylobacter. Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 419 Iranian children in Semnan city with acute gastroenteritis were assessed for their clinical and laboratory findings, including fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, dehydration, the presence of red blood cells and white blood cells (WBCs) in the stool, and leukocytosis. After being prepared for testing, a sample of the patient’s stool was also examined for the presence of Campylobacter strains through microscopic examination, culture, and chemical reactions. Results: There were 36 positive cultures (8.6%) for Campylobacter, with frequencies of 6.4% and 10.3% for boys and girls, respectively (P = 0.16). The highest frequency of positive culture belonged to the age group over six years (P = 0.02). The most common findings associated with Campylobacter diarrhea included abdominal pain (77.8% vs.1 8.8%, P < 0.001), fever (80.6% vs. 20.4, P < 0.001), leukocytosis (72.2% vs. 45.7%, P = 0.002), and WBCs in the stool (63.9% vs. 23.8%, P < 0.001). Conclusions: This study showed that abdominal pain, fever, leukocytosis, and WBCs in the stool were associated with gastroenteritis infection caused by Campylobacter. Keywords: Gastroenteritis; Pediatrics; Fever; Abdominal Pain; Campylobacter

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2017 08:50
    Last Modified: 22 Apr 2017 08:50
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/907

    Actions (login required)

    View Item