Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Sadollahi, Ali and Mokhlesin, Maryam and Maddah, marziyeh and Kasbi, Fatemeh and Salmani, Masomeh and Ghorbani, Raheb (2016) Comparison of working memory in normal and dyslexia children in semnan primary schools. Koomesh. pp. 433-438.

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    Abstract

    Introduction: Working memory is the capacity to store and control information for a short period of time. This memory is closely related to reading and other academic skills such as spelling, comprehension and mathematics. This study aimed to compare working memory in normal versus dyslexic children. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive-analytic study. Dyslexic group included 30 children randomly selected from the Learning Disability Center of Semnan Department of Education. The control group consisted of 60 primary school students without any academic failure and intellectual problems. Phonological working memories such as Word Recall, Digits Recall and Non-word Repetition were used for assessments. Results: The experimental and control groups were not different in two factors of age (P=0.880) and sex (P=0.552). Control group scores in word recall, digits recall (forward), and non-word repetition tasks were highly dominated (P <0.001) over dyslexic children. Conclusion: The findings showed that children with dyslexia have lower performance in subtests of phonological working memory. This study indicates the need to raise the awareness of teachers and speech and language therapists to plan designing and implementing educational and interventional programs based on activities related to the working memory for children with dyslexia and other learning disabilities Keywords: Working Memory, Dyslexia, Child

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 15:46
    Last Modified: 14 Mar 2017 15:46
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/868

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