Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Salmanzadeh-Ahrabi , S and Jafari , F and Habibi , E and Irajian , GR and Aslani , MM and Baghbani-Arani , F and Zali , MR (2007) Short communication: Serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance rates of Shigella spp. isolates in Tehran, Iran | [Kisa bi̇ldi̇ri̇: Tahran'da i̇zole edi̇len Shigella türleri̇ni̇n seroti̇p daǧilimi ve anti̇mi̇ krobi̇yal di̇renç oranlari]. Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni. pp. 453-457.

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    Abstract

    In this study, antimicrobial resistance patterns and serotype distributions of Shigella spp. isolated from pediatric and adult patients with diarrhea, inhabiting in Tehran, were investigated. Stool specimens of 1350 patients with diarrhea who were admitted to the seven different hospitals in Tehran from November 2003 till March 2005 were taken into the study. Antibacterial susceptibility patterns of Shigella spp. isolates were determined by standard disk diffusion method. Overall isolation rate of Shigella spp. was found as 11.5 percent. S. sonnei was the most frequent species (55.1%) followed by S. flexneri (30.8%), S. boydii (9.6%) and S. dysenteria (4.5%). Resistance rates to ampicillin (81.4%), trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (93.6%), chloramphenicol (28.2%) and tetracycline (98.7%) were high, whereas low resistance rates to cefixime (5.1%) and nalidixic acid (2.6%) were detected. All isolates were found susceptible to ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacine. These data may help physicians for choosing appropriate empirical chemotherapy although subsequent antibacterial susceptibility testing is always recommended.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2017 10:59
    Last Modified: 07 Feb 2017 10:59
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/822

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