Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Naddafi, Kazem and Nabizadeh, Ramin and Saeedi, Reza and Mahvi, Amir Hossein and Vaezi, Forough and Yaghmaeian, Kamyar and Ghasri, Azar and Nazmara, Shahrokh (2007) Biosorption of lead(II) and cadmium(II) by protonated Sargassum glaucescens biomass in a continuous packed bed column. Journal of Hazardous Materials. pp. 785-791.

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    Abstract

    Biosorption of lead(II) and cadmium(II) from aqueous solutions by protonated Sargassum glaucescens biomass was studied in a continuous packed bed column. The selective uptake of Pb2+ and Cd2+ was investigated in a binary system with initial concentration of 1 mM for each metal ion. The selective uptake capacities of Pb2+ and Cd2+ at complete exhaustion point were obtained 1.18 and 0.22 mmol/g, respectively; therefore, the biosorbent showed much higher relative affinity for Pb2+ than for Cd2+. The optimum range of empty bed contact time (EBCT) was identified as 5-10 min in the packed bed column. The efficiency of biosorbent regeneration by 0.1 M HCl was achieved about 60%, so that the maximum uptake capacity of Pb2+ by the regenerated biomass was determined to be 0.75 mmol/g while the same value for the original biomass was 1.24 mmol/g. The Thomas model was found in a suitable fitness with the experimental data (R2 > 0.90 and % < 50%) at all different operation stages. Monitoring of pH in the effluent of the column presented the simultaneous release of H+ with the uptake of heavy metals; hence, ion exchange was confirmed to be one of the main biosorption mechanisms.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2017 11:21
    Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 11:21
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/801

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