Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Bakhtiary, A. H and Fatemy, E. (2008) Does electrical stimulation reduce spasticity after stroke? A randomized controlled study. Clinical Rehabilitation, 22 (5). pp. 418-425. ISSN 0269-2155

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    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE:To investigate the therapeutic effect of electrical stimulation on plantarflexor spasticity in stroke patients. DESIGN:A randomized controlled clinical trial study. SETTING:Rehabilitation clinic of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. SUBJECTS:Forty stroke patients (aged from 42 to 65 years) with ankle plantarflexor spasticity. INTERVENTION:Fifteen minutes of inhibitory Bobath techniques were applied to one experimental group and a combination of 9 minutes of electrical stimulation on the dorsiflexor muscles and inhibitory Bobath techniques was applied to another group for 20 sessions daily. MAIN MEASURES:Passive ankle joint dorsiflexion range of motion, dorsiflexion strength test, plantarflexor muscle tone by Modified Ashworth Scale and soleus muscle H-reflex. RESULTS:The mean change of passive ankle joint dorsiflexion in the combination therapy group was 11.4 (SD 4.79) degrees versus 6.1 (SD 3.09) degrees, which was significantly higher (P = 0.001). The mean change of plantarflexor muscle tonicity measured by the Modified Ashworth Scale in the combination therapy group was -1.6 (SD 0.5) versus -1.1 (SD 0.31) in the Bobath group (P = 0.001). Dorsiflexor muscle strength was also increased significantly (P = 0.04) in the combination therapy group (0.7 +/- 0.37) compared with the Bobath group (0.4 +/- 0.23). However, no significant change in the amplitude of H-reflex was found between combination therapy (-0.41 +/- 0.29) and Bobath (-0.3 +/- 0.28) groups. CONCLUSION:Therapy combining Bobath inhibitory technique and electrical stimulation may help to reduce spasticity effectively in stroke patients.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2017 09:40
    Last Modified: 08 Jan 2017 09:40
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/757

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