Semnan University of Medical Sciences

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Babakhanian , Masuade and Sadeghi, Maliheh and Mansoori, Nader and Alam Mehrjerdi, Zahra and Tabatabai, Mahmood (2012) Nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines in opiate-dependent patients in Tehran, Iran. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 62-67.

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    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE:The purpose of the present preliminary study was to explore the prevalence of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines in a group of opiate-dependent patients who were on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program in outpatient clinics in the south-west of Tehran, Iran. METHODS:114 male and female opiate-dependent clients who met DSM.IV-TR criteria for opiate dependence with mean age 36.5 years participated in the study from 16 clinics and completed a self-report questionnaire on demographics and substance use details. Then the participants were interviewed on the details of nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines. RESULTS:The study findings indicated that the current nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines was commonly prevalent among participants. The most common current benzodiazepines abused were alprazolam (100%) followed by chlordiazepoxide (96.5%), clonazepam (94.7%), diazepam (86.8%), lorazepam (79.8%) and oxazepam (73.7%) respectively. Depression (77%) and anxiety (72.8%) were frequently reported as the most important reasons associated with consuming benzodiazepines followed by problem in anger control (44.7%), suicide thought (12.3%), self-injury (7.9%), and suicide commitment (5.3%) respectively. CONCLUSION:Nonmedical abuse of benzodiazepines is an important problem among opiate addicts which should be considered in treatment interventions during MMT program. KEYWORDS:Benzodiazepines abuse; Nonmedical abuse; Opiate dependence; Treatment

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2016 07:37
    Last Modified: 26 Nov 2016 07:37
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/528

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