Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Khaksari, Mehdi and Aboutaleb, Nahid and Nasirinezhad, Farinaz and Vakili, Abedin and Madjd, Zahra (2012) Apelin-13 Protects the Brain Against Ischemic Reperfusion Injury and Cerebral Edema in a Transient Model of Focal Cerebral Ischemia. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 48 (1). pp. 201-208. ISSN 0895-8696

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    The adipocytokine apelin is a peptide that was isolated from a bovine stomach for the first time. This peptide and its receptor are abundantly expressed in the nervous and cardiovascular systems. According to previous studies, apelin-13 protects cardiomyocytes from ischemic injury as well as apoptosis. In addition, this peptide has a neuroprotective effect on hippocampal and cultured mouse cortical neurons against NMDA receptor-mediated excitotoxicity. The present study was conducted to determine whether apelin-13 provides protection in transient focal cerebral ischemia. Focal ischemia was induced by 60-min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), followed by 23-h reperfusion. Saline as a vehicle and apelin-13 at doses of 25, 50, and 100 μg were injected intracerebroventriculary (ICV) at the beginning of ischemia. Infarct volume ,brain edema, motor dysfunction, and apoptosis were assessed 24 h after MCAO. Treatment with apelin-13 at doses of 50 and 100 μg ICV markedly reduced total infarct volumes by 45 and 55 %, respectively (P < 0.001), but injection of apelin at lower dose (25 μg) did not change infarct volume significantly (P > 0.05). In addition, apelin-13 at doses of 50 and 100 μg reduced brain edema (P < 0.001) and inhibited apoptosis by decreasing caspase-3 activation (P < 0.001). Apelin-13 did not significantly change neurological dysfunction (P > 0.05).

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2016 07:38
    Last Modified: 26 Nov 2016 07:38

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