Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Babakhanian, Masuadeh and Mansouri, Sahar and Moradi, Zahra and Abarashi, Zahra (2013) High purity heroin use among women in Karaj, Iran: A pilot study. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 51-56.

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    Objective:High purity heroin use is a new epidemic health co ncern among Iranian drug-using women in recent years. However, the nature and initial facto rs associated with this serious health problem have not been studied yet. Methods: To understand this issue, a cross-sectional study was conducted and sixty treatment and non- treatment seekers who met the Diagnostic and Statis tical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4 thed., Text Revision (DSM.IV-TR) criteria for drug dependence with mean age of 28.7 (± 8.3) years were recruited from 16 addiction clinics and drop-in centers (DICs) in Karaj, Iran. First, demographics, and details of drug use and risky behaviors were collected based on items elicited from Addiction Severity Index (ASI). Then, initial factors associated with high purity heroin use were collected by interviewing and applying a researcher-made questionnaire. Data was statistically analyzed by descriptive methods of st atistics, chi-square, and Student’s independent t-test in SPSS software. Results: Initiation of high purity heroin use was facilitate d by family/relatives factor (66.7%), curiosity (60.1%), peers (54%), desire to experience rapid physical effects of high purity heroin compared with other opioids (50.1%), and treatment of general medical p roblems such as colic pain (33%). Chi-square test s howedthat non-treatment seekers were younger (less than 35 years) (66.6% vs. 56%, p≤0.001) and mostly living with drug-dependent friends (26% vs. 3.3%, p ≤0.001) compared with treatment seekers. No relation was found among other factors. Conclusions:Factors facilitating the initiation of high purity heroin use revealed in this study have not been fully addressed by current drug treatment services in Iran. To design comprehensive treatment programs , further studies on larger samples with more women are necessary.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2016 10:33
    Last Modified: 12 Nov 2016 10:33

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