Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Fakhr-Movahedi, Ali and Soleimani, Mohsen and Ghazvininejad, Razeyeh and Maher, Mohammad Kazem and Ghorbani, Raheb (2015) Effect of Patient-Focused Clinical Pathway on Anxiety, Depression and Satisfaction of Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, 17 (9). ISSN 2074-1804

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    Abstract

    Background: Coronary artery diseases (CAD) are associated with psychological problems such as anxiety and depression in patients. Thus, management of these problems can consider as an important intervention by health care workers, especially nurses. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of patient-focused clinical pathway on anxiety, depression and satisfaction of patients with CAD. Patients and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 138 patients suffering from CAD in a coronary care unit of a referral teaching hospital affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences in Semnan, Iran, were recruited using a convenience sampling method. The participants were assigned to two groups: Clinical pathway (CP) and routine (RUT) care. The level of anxiety and depression of patients were measured in admission and discharge in both groups. Also, the level of patients’ satisfaction was measured at the time of discharge. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: Prevalence rates of anxiety and depression in total of patients were 7.2% and 8.7%, respectively. In terms of anxiety, the mean of difference between pretest and posttest scores in the CP group (0.52 ± 1.39) was higher compared to the RUT group (-0.17 ± 1.69) and there was a significant difference between the two group (P = 0.009). In terms of depression, the mean of this difference in the CP group (0.75 ± 2.05) was higher compared to the RUT group (0.00 ± 1.08), as there was a significant difference between the two group (P = 0.024). Also, the mean of patients’ satisfaction scores in the CP group (3.69 ± 0.39) was higher compared to the RUT group (3.45 ± 0.47) and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.002). Conclusions: According to the positive effects of CP on patients with CADs, it can be considered as a useful, safe and simple instrument for the improvement of patients’ outcomes. Thus, the findings of this study can provide a new insight in patient care for clinical nurses. Keywords: Coronary Artery Disease; Patient Satisfaction; Anxiety; Depression; Clinical Pathways

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
    Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
    Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2016 10:56
    Last Modified: 10 Sep 2016 10:56
    URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/142

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