Semnan University of Medical Sciences

Research and Technology Vice Chancellor

Akhoundzadeh, Kobar and Vakili, Abedin and Sameni, Hamid Reza and Vafaei, Abbas Ali and Rashidy-Pour, Ali and Safari, Manouchehr and Mohammadkhani, Razieh (2017) Effects of the combined treatment of bone marrow stromal cells with mild exercise and thyroid hormone on brain damage and apoptosis in a mouse focal cerebral ischemia model. Metabolic Brain Disease. pp. 1-11.

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Abstract

This study examined whether post-stroke bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) therapy combined with exercise (EX) and/or thyroid hormone (TH) could reduce brain damage in an experimental ischemic stroke in mice. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced under Laser Doppler Flowmetry (LDF) guide by 45 min of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), followed by 7 days of reperfusion in albino mice. BMSCs were injected into the right cerebral ventricle 24 h after MCAO, followed by daily injection of T3 (20 μg/100 g weight S.C) and 6 days of running on a treadmill. Infarct size, neurobehavioral test, TUNEL and BrdU positive cells were evaluated at 7 days after MCAO. Treatment with BMSCs and mild EX alone significantly reduced the infarct volume by 23% and 44%, respectively (both, p < 0.001). The BMSCs + TH, BMSCs + EX, and BMSCs + EX + TH combination therapies significantly reduced the infarct volume by 26%, 51%, and 70%, respectively (all, p < 0.001). A significant improvement in the neurobehavioral functioning was observed in the EX, BMSCs + EX, and BMSCs + EX+ TH groups (p < 0.001). The number of TUNEL-positive cells (a marker of apoptosis) was significantly reduced in the EX, BMSCs, BMSCs + EX, BMSCs + TH, and BMSCs + EX + TH groups (all, p < 0.001). Moreover, the combination therapy considerably increased BrdU-labeled cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) (p < 0.01). Our findings indicated that the combined treatment of BMSCs with mild EX and TH more efficiently reduces the cerebral infarct size after stroke. More likely, these effects mediate via enchaining generation of new neuronal cells and the attenuation of apoptosis in ischemia stroke in young mice. KEYWORDS: Apoptosis; Bone marrow stromal cells; BrdU positive cells; Mice; Mild exercise; Stroke; Thyroid hormone

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medical Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mr Vahab Moshtaghi
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2017 23:25
Last Modified: 21 May 2018 12:27
URI: http://eprints.semums.ac.ir/id/eprint/1108

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